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The MultiAgentManager allows managing multiple agent projects programmatically.

Setup

We instantiate the manager by providing it with the working directory in which to operate and starting it:

import os
from pathlib import Path
from aea.manager import MultiAgentManager

WORKING_DIR = "mam"

manager = MultiAgentManager(WORKING_DIR)
manager.start_manager()

Adding projects

We first add a couple of finished AEA project:

from aea.configurations.base import PublicId

weather_station_id = PublicId.from_str("fetchai/weather_station:0.30.0")
weather_client_id = PublicId.from_str("fetchai/weather_client:0.31.0")
manager.add_project(weather_station_id)
manager.add_project(weather_client_id)
weather_station_name = weather_station_id.name
weather_client_name = weather_client_id.name

Adding agent instances

Add the agent instances

agent_overrides = {
    "private_key_paths": {"fetchai": "fetchai_private_key.txt"},
    "connection_private_key_paths": {"fetchai": "fetchai_connection_private_key.txt"}
}

p2p_public_id = PublicId.from_str("fetchai/p2p_libp2p:0.24.0")
soef_public_id = PublicId.from_str("fetchai/soef:0.25.0")

component_overrides = [{
    **p2p_public_id.json,
    "type": "connection",
    "cert_requests": [{
      "identifier": "acn",
      "ledger_id": "fetchai",
      "not_after": '2022-01-01',
      "not_before": '2021-01-01',
      "public_key": "fetchai",
      "message_format": "{public_key}",
      "save_path": "conn_cert.txt"
    }]
}, {
    **soef_public_id.json,
    "type": "connection",
    "config": {
        "token_storage_path": "soef_token.txt"
    }
}]
manager.add_agent(weather_station_id, component_overrides=component_overrides, agent_overrides=agent_overrides)

agent_overrides = {
    "private_key_paths": {"fetchai": "fetchai_private_key.txt"},
    "connection_private_key_paths": {"fetchai": "fetchai_connection_private_key.txt"}
}
component_overrides = [{
    **p2p_public_id.json,
    "type": "connection",
    "config": {
        "delegate_uri": "127.0.0.1:11001",
        "entry_peers": ['/dns4/127.0.0.1/tcp/9000/p2p/16Uiu2HAkzgZYyk25XjAhmgXcdMbahrHYi18uuAzHuxPn1KkdmLRw'],
        "local_uri": "127.0.0.1:9001",
        "public_uri": "127.0.0.1:9001",
    },
    "cert_requests": [{
      "identifier": "acn",
      "ledger_id": "fetchai",
      "not_after": '2022-01-01',
      "not_before": '2021-01-01',
      "public_key": "fetchai",
      "message_format": "{public_key}",
      "save_path": "conn_cert.txt"
    }]
}, {
    **soef_public_id.json,
    "type": "connection",
    "config": {
        "token_storage_path": "soef_token.txt"
    }
}]

manager.add_agent(weather_client_id, component_overrides=component_overrides, agent_overrides=agent_overrides)

Save the following private keys in the respective files.

FET_PRIVATE_KEY_STATION = b"72d3149f5689f0749eaec5ebf6dba5deeb1e89b93ae1c58c71fd43dfaa231e87"
FET_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_STATION = Path(manager.data_dir, weather_station_name, "fetchai_private_key.txt").absolute()
FET_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_STATION.write_bytes(FET_PRIVATE_KEY_STATION)

FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_STATION = b"bf529acb2546e13615ef6004c48e393f0638a5dc0c4979631a9a4bc554079f6f"
FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_STATION = Path(manager.data_dir, weather_station_name, "fetchai_connection_private_key.txt").absolute()
FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_STATION.write_bytes(FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_STATION)

FET_PRIVATE_KEY_CLIENT = b"589839ae54b71b8754a7fe96b52045364077c28705a1806b74441debcae16e0a"
FET_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_CLIENT = Path(manager.data_dir, weather_client_name, "fetchai_private_key.txt").absolute()
FET_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_CLIENT.write_bytes(FET_PRIVATE_KEY_CLIENT)

FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_CLIENT = b"c9b38eff57f678f5ab5304447997351edb08eceb883267fa4ad849074bec07e4"
FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_CLIENT = Path(manager.data_dir, weather_client_name, "fetchai_connection_private_key.txt").absolute()
FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_PATH_CLIENT.write_bytes(FET_CONNECTION_PRIVATE_KEY_CLIENT)

Running the agents:

import time

manager.start_agent(weather_station_id.name)

# wait for ~10 seconds for peer node to go live
time.sleep(10.0)

manager.start_agent(weather_client_id.name)

time.sleep(5.0)

Stopping the agents:

manager.stop_all_agents()

Cleaning up

manager.stop_manager()

Limitations

The MultiAgentManager can only be used with compatible package versions, in particular the same package (with respect to author and name) cannot be used in different versions. If you want to run multiple agents with differing versions of the same package then use the aea launch command in the multi-processing mode, or simply launch each agent individually with aea run.